Since the Republic of Indonesia took over immigration duties from the Dutch in 1950, a reliable and professional Immigration Technical Officer is needed for the entire territory of the State of Indonesia and Indonesian representatives abroad. Beginning with the establishment of Immigration Course Education organized by the Immigration Department. The next category of Immigration Officer education provider is the Immigration Academy which aims to meet the needs of more professional immigration technical personnel. The establishment of this educational institution was based on the Decree of the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Indonesia Number JP17/59/11 dated December 21, 1959 concerning the Establishment of the Immigration Academy (AIM) where its formation was a logical consequence of the need for skilled and professional immigration officials who served as law enforcers which were later developed in four Immigration functions (Immigration Service, Law Enforcement, State Security, and Community Welfare Development Facilitator.).
In the period 1962-1976 the Immigration Academy produced 3 batches, namely AIM I, II, III. In 1976, a technical officer was needed in a short period of time, so the Immigration Academy education program was stopped and Immigration Technical Education was carried out through the Crash Program, namely PTK (Immigration Technical Education) and PDK (Basic Immigration Education). After 23 years of cessation, in 1999, based on the Decree of the Minister of Law and Legislation of the Republic of Indonesia Number M.07.PR.07.04 of 1999 concerning the Organization and Work Procedure of the Immigration Academy, the Immigration Academy education program was reactivated, with the implementation of the Immigration Academy education force. IV (AIM IV). At the same time, the Immigration Academy also continues to provide Immigration Technical Education which is still ongoing today. The Immigration Technical Education referred to includes Immigration Technical Education (PTK), Immigration Basic Education (PDK), Immigration Special Education (Diksuskim), Immigration Officer Education (Dikpim), Advanced Immigration Basic Education (PDKL), and other Immigration Technical Education.
Along with the development of the world of Service Education which is substantively academically under the guidance of the Ministry of Education and Culture, there has been a change in the structure of the Immigration Academy. In this case, every Higher Education in Indonesia must refer to several statutory provisions related to Higher Education, including Law Number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System, Law Number 12 of 2014 concerning Higher Education, Ministerial Regulation Research and Higher Education (Permenristekdikti) Number 44 of 2015 concerning Higher Education National Standards as amended by Permenristekdikti Number 50 of 2018 concerning Amendments to Permenristekdikti Number 44 of 2015 concerning Higher Education National Standards.
Taking into account these provisions, through the Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education Number 227/KPT/I/2016 dated July 28, 2016, as well as Regulation of the Minister of Law and Human Rights Number 59 of 2016 concerning Organization and Work Procedures of Immigration Polytechnic and Regulation of the Minister of Law and Human Rights. Human Rights Number 14 of 2017 concerning the Statute of the Immigration Polytechnic, has transformed the Immigration Academy into an Immigration Polytechnic Higher Education institution (Poltekim) with a Diploma IV level of applied education (vocational). Currently, the Immigration Polytechnic has 4 (four) Study Programs consisting of 3 (three) Diploma IV Study Programs, namely the Immigration Law Study Program, Immigration Administration, Immigration Technology Management, and 1 (one) Immigration Diploma III Study Program.
With this transformation based on historical order, graduates from the three categories above are an inseparable part of the Immigration Polytechnic institution. This is due to the position of the Immigration Polytechnic as an official higher education institution which is the result of the transformation of several previous types of Immigration Technical Education.